A brief explanation on the categories of Ahadeeth by Dr Sharof Gbadebo Roojee

Questioner: What are the explanations on Hadeeth Soheeh, Hasan, and Do’eef?

Dr Sharof: Al Hadeeth Soheeh, Al Hadeeth Hasan, and Al Hadeeth Do’eef are the three main categories from the wide classification of Ahadeeth. Soheeh has categories; Hasan has categories; and Do’eef has categories. Do’eef has the widest categorization.

Simply put, if a narration is said to be Soheeh, it means that its chain of transmission requires no comment. It has been transmitted in an authentic way. This is regarding hadeeth Soheeh, just like the ahadeeth in Soheeh Bukhooree and Soheeh Muslim. This means there is no objection as to its chain of transmission.

Hadeeth Hasan is a narration that almost meets the requirement of Soheeh, but the people who reported it are not as sound as that of the people of Soheeh Hadeeth. For example, a person from those who reported it is good at listening and memorization, but he may not be exact in transmission. For example, the statement he heard may come with ‘waaw’ while he reports it as ‘faa’; (like) reporting wadhahaba (And he goes/departs) as fadhahaba (Then he goes/departs). The scholars would say a person like this should be noted. As for the one who writes ahadeeth whenever he hears them but has a bad handwriting such that whenever he recites the ahadeeth there are minor mistakes, his hadeeth will be Hasan. And so on.

As for Do’eef, it implies that there is a liar amongst the reporters or there is a person in the narration who has forgotten all the ahadeeth he reported or the narrator relates the hadeeth from a person he never met. For example, he says, ‘so and so told me…’, and it is discovered from the history of his life that the person had died before he was born. Did they meet in the grave? Therefore, this kind of hadeeth is Do’eef.

(Sometimes) it is certain that he (the narrator) heard it from a person who lived with that person he ascribed it to, but he does not want to mention the person’s name because the person is a liar. Do you understand? That is why it will be regarded as Do’eef. That is why if one is well versed in Mustolah, people cannot deceive one with lies. Nowadays such thing is obvious. For example, if a person hears a statement from someone who heard it from another person who also heard from another person that the VC said ‘so and so’ and he reports it as, ‘the VC addressed us saying such and such’. How is this correct? This is what is referred to as Tadlees. The people who are in the chain are not mentioned and yet he says the VC said ‘such and such’. How come? Do you understand? If a person gives you this kind of report, ask him to tell you the time and give you other details. Do you understand? This is what is regarded as Tadlees. So if a person brings a statement without telling us who he heard it from, it will be regarded as Do’eef. Statements like that are neglected.

That is why the scholars have said if you apply the principles used in ahadeeth transmission upon the people who exist today, only (the statements of) few people will be regarded as important. For example, a person travels to Libya and comes back to Nigeira saying, “when I was with Shaykh Albaanee, we discussed ‘so and so’”. How possible is this? On what day (did the meeting take place)? He is saying it because he knows that he can easily deceive you. Another person says, ‘there was a day we were discussing with Shaykh Ibn Baaz’. When did you go to his residence? You know there are many people who deceive others with statements like this in Nigeria. A person may claim that he studied under the tutelage of Shaykh Ibn al-‘Uthaymeen. I hope you understand. This is what is regarded as Tadlees. Na’am. This is what is regarded as Hadeeth Do’eef. The discussions regarding ahadeeth Do’eef is the reason for the extensiveness of ‘Ilm al-Mustolah. This is because there are many categories of Do’eef. Na’am.

🌹🌲[SOURCE: Questions and Answers Session of the tape, “Introduction to Buluughul Muroom at Ogbomoso”]🌲🌹

Transcribed by 🏮Aboo Aaishah Al Odeomeey🏮