Questioner: Please sir, I do not understand this verse, ‘Verily, those who believed and those who were Jews or Christians or Sabians (before Prophet Muhammad), those (among them) who believed in Allaah and the Last Day and did righteousness, will have their reward with their Lord, and no fear will there be concerning them, nor will they grieve. [Soorah al-Baqoroh (2):62]. Can you please give an explanation on it?
Dr Sharof: Firstly, there is no religion in the sight of Allaah which will be accepted other than Islaam. There are no two religions in the sight of Allaah. This is agreed upon. (Allaah says), ‘Verily, the religion in the sight of Allaah is Islaam’…[Soorah Aali ‘Imroon (3):19] In another verse in this same Soorah Aali ‘Imroon, Allaah says, ‘And whosoever desires other than Islaam as religion, never will it be accepted from him, and he, in the Hereafter, will be among the losers. [Soorah Aali ‘Imroon (3):85] So we should firstly understand this.
This verse mentioned by this questioner is one of the verses misunderstood by many people, (and) they err regarding this with the claim that they (that is, the Jews/Christians/Sabians) will all enter al-Jannah no matter what they do because this verse implies it. Where in this verse is such assertion? The Qur’aan is not contradictory. No verse of the Qur’aan contradicts the other. This verse says, ‘Verily, those who believed (in Allaah)’, that is the Muslims, ‘and those who were Jews’ that is those who repent from their sins, the Jews, ‘and the Christians’, those who follow the one who is from Naasiroh, that is, Prophet ‘Eesa (‘alayhi ssalaam), ‘and the Sabians (before Prophet Muhammad)’ those (among them) who believed in Allaah and the Last Day and did righteousness’; is it possible for them to believe in Allaah, the Last Day and do righteous deeds, and yet remain as Christians, Jews, and Sabians? That is it. This is the explanation of the verse.
It (the verse) does not imply that the Sabians will enter al-Jannah, or that the Jews will enter al-Jannah, or that the Christians will enter al-Jannah. If they remain as Christians, Jews, and Sabians, they will not enter al-Jannah. That is why the Prophet said in a narration reported by Imaam Muslim, ‘By the One in Whose Hand is my soul, no one of this nation, Jew or Christian, hears of me then dies without having believed in that which I was sent (with), but he will be one of the people of the Fire’. So this is not an issue of disputation. Do not be fooled by those who misguide others, especially in this Yoruba land where a person believed to be knowledgeable about Islaam says, ‘perhaps the Christians will enter al-Jannah before the Muslims’, ‘perhaps the herbalists will enter al-Jannah before the Muslims’. There is no doubt that such person is dense.
The Congregation: Laughing mode activated!
Dr Sharof: Don’t you know what is referred to as ‘al-Jannah’? In fact, some people were saying this on Radio stations. Because he wants to make the workers of the Radio station happy, he will say rubbish and nonsense. Islaam shows that there is no al-Jannah for anyone except the Muslims. You all know that the religion in the sight of Allaah is not two. It’s Islaam; don’t you know? Allaah says, ‘‘Verily, the religion in the sight of Allaah is Islaam’…[Soorah Aali ‘Imroon (3):19] Was there (a religion) other than Islaam (from Allaah) before the time of the Prophet (sollaLloohu ‘alayhi wa sallam)? Where the earlier Prophets not upon Islaam? What religion was Prophet Nooh (‘alayhi ssalaam) upon?
The Congregation: Islaam
Dr Sharof: (What about) Ibroheem (‘alayhi ssalaam)? (Allaah says), “When his Lord said to him, ‘Submit’, he said, ‘I have submitted (in Islaam) to the Lord of the worlds.” [Soorah al-Baqoroh (2):131] When Allaah ordered him to accept Islaam, he said, ‘I have submitted (in Islaam) to the Lord of the worlds’. Ibroheem ordered his children (to do the same); Ya’qub also ordered his children (to do the same). (Allaah says regarding Ibroheem), ‘O my sons, verily Allaah has chosen for you this religion, so do not die except while you are Muslims.’ [Soorah al-Baqoroh (2):132] What about Prophet Moosa, was he not a Muslim? Why did the criminal, Fir’aun, say, ‘I believe that there is no deity except that in whom the Children of Israa’eel believe, and I am of the Muslims’ [Sooratul Yuunus (10):90] when he was about to die? Angel Jibreel told Prophet Muhammad (sollaLloohu ‘layhi wa sallam) that if he witnessed how he was eagerly expecting to kill him (that is, Fir’aun) before he said the statement (he would be amazed). This is from the stories that we hear when we were young, but it is authentic, we have seen the evidence. He felt like the Prophet should witness it when he was enthusiastic about killing him before he uttered the statement. For this reason, if Prophet Moosa did not come with Islaam, Fir’aun wouldn’t have said ‘…I am of the Muslims’.
(Allaah say), ‘But when ‘Eesa felt (persistence in) disbelief from them, he said, ‘Who are my supporters for (the cause of) Allaah?’ The disciples said, ‘We are supporters for Allaah. We have believed in Allaah and testify that we are Muslims (submitting to Him)” [Soorah Aali ‘Imroon (3):52] There are many…(unclear words)…, so do not make a fool of yourself till death grips you. You can still repent. There are people who think they have by far deviated. No, you can still take a U-turn; there are many routes to do that.
The Congregation: Laughing mode activated!
Dr Sharof: When Prophet ‘Eesa felt that the people did not belief him, he said to his disciples, ‘Who are my supporters for (the cause of) Allaah?’. His disciples said, ‘We are supporters for Allaah. We have believed in Allaah and testify that we are Muslims (submitting to Him)’. If they weren’t Muslims, will Allaah call them Muslims! So why do you want to translate the verse erroneously? How will a Sabian, a Christian, or a Jew, believe in Allaah and the Last Day and other beliefs of the Muslims, and yet remain as a Jew (a Christain, or a Sabean as the case may be)? You are sick (if you have such ratiocination). Oje botise je n beun!
[SOURCE: “Explanation of Kitaab at-Tawheed; permissible and forbidden places to slaughter our sacrifices; TIME: “4 minutes 49 seconds” to “11 minutes 42 seconds”]
Translated by Aboo Aaishah Al Odeomeey