All perfect praise is for Allaah (alone). We beseech His peace and blessings upon Muhammad (sollaLloohu ‘alayhi wa sallam).
Our dear Shaykh, Duktuur Sharof Gbadebo Rooji (hafidhohuLlaah) continued with his exegesis of the correct view regarding whether or not praying Jumu’ah before the sun passes its meridian is correct in his tape titled ‘Sharh Muwatto Imaam Maalik (fiqh forum) series 3’. He explained:
The statement of ‘Uthmaan (in support of praying Jumu’ah after the sun passes its meridian) is the (next) hadeeth reported by Imaam Maalik. It was narrated that ‘Uthmaan Ibn ‘Affaan prayed Jumu’ah in Madeenah and ‘Asr at Malal. Maalik made his comment (saying), “That was by praying Jumu’ah just after midday and then travelling fast.” [Muwatto Imaam Maalik]
It was mentioned (in this hadeeth) that ‘Uthmaan Ibn ‘Affaan prayed Jumu’ah in Madeenah as the Imaam, and then observed (his) ‘Asr prayer at a place known as Malal. It was said (by the scholars) that (Malal) is a place in-between Makkah and Madeenah. This implies that he wanted to embark on a journey that very day. He prayed his Jumu’ah at Madeenah and proceeded to pray his ‘Asr at a place known as Malal. That place is in-between Makkah and Madeenah; it was said that it is about 17 miles from Madeenah. Some of the scholars said it is 18 miles (from Madeenah), while there are scholars who said it is 22 miles. This implies that he prayed Solaatul Jumu’ah at Madeenah and proceeded to pray his ‘Asr at Malal which is about 20 miles from Madeenah. What does this imply?
This (hadeeth) does not mean that ‘Uthmaan–rodiyaLloohu ‘anhu–prayed his Solaatul Jumu’ah in the morning. This is not the meaning of this hadeeth. This hadeeth does not imply that ‘Uthmaan (rodiyaLloohu ‘anhu) prayed Solaatul Jumu’ah before the sun passed its meridian. However, the implication of this hadeeth is that he prayed Solaatul Jumu’ah after the sun passed its meridian and then set out for Malal. He prayed quickly and was fast on the journey. That was the reason he got to Malal at that time. So if this is understood, it shows that ‘Uthmaan, just like ‘Umar and ‘Aliyy, prayed his Solaatul Jumu’ah after the sun passed its meridian. The trio (‘Umar, ‘Uthmaan, and ‘Aliyy) used to pray Solaatul Jumu’ah after the sun passes the meridian. This is one of the evidences used by majority of the scholars to establish that we must not pray Solaatul Jumu’ah before the sun passes the meridian.
However, Imaam Ahmad–rohimohuLlaahu ta’ala–said he has evidences to establish the permisibility of praying Jumu’ah before the sun passes its meridian. Those who prayed Solaatul Jumu’ah in the morning before the sun passed its meridian in Sokoto and in an area of Oyo State relied upon these kind of evidences.
The first evidence: There is a narration reported by Imaam al-Bukhooreey from Salamah Ibn al-Akwa’, the same Salamah we earlier mentioned. He said: “We used to pray Jumu’ah with the Messenger of Allaah, then we would go back and could not find any wall offering shade. [Saheeh al-Bukhooreey] The fact that they could not find any wall offering shade was used as an evidence that the Solaatul Jumu’ah was prayed before the sun passed its meridian.
We say (in response to this assertion) that there is no evidence in it. This is because what is not understood in this hadeeth had been explained in another version of this same hadeeth which was reported by Imaam Muslim. That is the hadeeth we earlier read wherein Salamah said: “We used to pray Jumu’ah with the Messenger of Allaah when the sun passed its meridian, then we would go back to try to seek shade. [Reported by Muslim] And (in addition), we have known from the principles of the Sharee’ah that “evidences that explain in details take precedence over that which is equivocal”. One evidence (regarding this issue) is equivocal while other (one) explained in details; (therefore), the one which explains in details takes precedence over the one which is equivocal. That is why we said there are no contradictions in the Sharee’ah of Islaam. For this reason there is no evidence here. They should put another evidence forward.
Another evidence (they have) is the hadeeth of ‘Anas Ibn Maalik (rodiyaLloohu ‘anhu) which was reported in the Saheeh of Imaam al-Bukhooreey. Anas said: “We used to offer the Jumu’ah prayer early and then have an afternoon nap.” [Saheeh al-Bukhooreey] It was said that (the statement) “we used to offer Jumu’ah prayer early” means that they used to pray Jumu’ah before the sun passes the meridian.
(In response) it was said (by the majority) that there is no evidence here for Imaam Ahmad bacause this same ‘Anas mentioned in this same (Saheeh) al-Bukhooreey that: “The Prophet used to offer the Jumu’ah prayer immediately after midday.” And (don’t forget that) we have said that “evidences that explain in details takes precedence over that which is equivocal”.
Another evidence mentioned by Imaam Ahmad is the statement of the Prophet wherein he (sollaLloohu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “Indeed this is a day of ‘Eid that Allaah ordained for the Muslims…(Narrated by Ibn Maajah).
In shaa Allaah, we continue from here as we do not want to make the post too long.
We ask Allaah to show us the truth as being the truth and to grant us its following, and to show us falsehood as falsehood and to make it easy for us to abstain from it.
May prayers and peace be upon the noblest of mankind, his respected households and companions, and on the generality of the Muslims who follow them upon goodness till the end of time.
Aboo Aaishah Al Odeomeey