QUESTION AND ANSWER SESSION WITH USTAADH ‘UMAR DADA PAIKO (HAFIDHOHULLAAH)
QUESTIONER: What is the status of a Muslim that commits suicide?
USTAADH ‘UMAR DADA PAIKO: There are two positions in Islaam concerning this. There is the person who commits suicide out of despair. That one is a non-Muslim if he loses hope in Allaah (subhaanohu wa ta’ala) and thinks things will never get good again, like the Bouazizi in Tunisia. What he did was very wrong. Islaamically, you don’t do that. You don’t pour kerosene on yourself and set fire on yourself. But you see, the western world did not even condemn that, they were praising him because he did it for democracy, but when some other people do it for Islaam, they are called (so and so). This is the hypocrisy in all that we see in international politics. That is wrong; it is condemnable Islaamically, but they never even said that because it will give credit to Islaam if you say what he did is wrong. They praised that (act), but then when some other people do it the other way and it affects them, it now becomes wrong. So actually suicides like that, (in a situation) that you have lost all hope and you feel the thing to do is to kill yourself; that one makes you apostate. May Allaah save us from it.
The second case is somebody who commits suicide based on some convictions. He does it not because he has lost all hope, but because he thinks he will achieve an aim with it. If he does that as an individual, he has committed a very grave offence in Islaam, but he still remains a Muslim. But it is not permissible Islaamically, for any reason. But then if there is battle, the Islaamic Jihaad which has been forced by circumstances, if the Muslim Ummah comes together and decides that we want to fight back because we are being oppressed; if there is such a thing, and there is a Jihaad, the leader can decide that the only way we can break through this place will be for one person to sacrifice his life so that we break the place open and we defeat them. If he decides that, then he also will decide along with his Shuroo, (about) who should do that, and how it should be done. But before you get to that level you have to see that there is no other way that you can break through the place except through suicide. If there is a way, even if it is going to take some time and energy, it will be better to use that way than to lose somebody’s life. I hope I have answered this question too.
So this also affects suicide bombing because it was made a different question, but they are the same. Suicide bombing or no suicide bombing, the thing is the same, suicide is suicide, and you don’t engage in suicide as an individual. It is not a decision an individual takes. If you take it as an individual, most times it will mean that you’re apostate because you no longer fear or trust Allaah. You now think you’ve lost all hope and you’ve taken your destiny in your hands which is quite anti-Islaam actually, not just unislaamic. And Allaah knows best.
[SOURCE: ISLAAM AND EXTREMISM; TIME OF QUESTION AND ANSWER IN THE TAPE: 1:04:04 to 1:07:20]
Aboo Aaishah Al Odeomeey