SHAYKH, DR SHAROF GBADEBO ROOJI (HAFIDHOHULLAAH): EDUCATIVE QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS SESSION 

QUESTION AND ANSWER SESSION WITH SHAYKH, DR SHAROF GBADEBO ROOJI (HAFIDHOHULLAAH) DURING HIS EXPLANATION OF BAABU SOLAATUL MUSAAFIR WALMOREED (THE PRAYER OF A TRAVELER AND THE PRAYER OF THE ILL) IN BULUUGHUL MOROOM MIN ADILLAT AL-AHKAAM OF AL-HAAFIDH IBN HAJAR AL-‘ASQOLAANIY (ROHIMOHULLAAH) 

(1) Questioner: Assalaamu ‘alaykum

Dr Sharof: Wa’alaykumu ssalaam

Questioner: Someone who observed an obligatory prayer in a motor but now understands that it is wrong, what is he supposed to do?

Dr Sharof: All perfect praise is for Allaah. The one who observed an obligatory prayer in a motor but now understands that it is wrong, what should he do? He should repeat it. Once he repeats the prayer, that’s all. Na’am.

(2) Questioner: Assalaamu ‘alaykum
Dr Sharof: Wa’alaykumu ssalaam

Questioner: If one is the Imaam and one knows that there is a traveler amongst the congregation who is capable of leading the prayer (and one proceeds without asking him to lead the prayer), is the Imaam a sinner?

Dr Sharof: No, the Imaam hasn’t sinned against Allaah at all. Na’am.

(3) Questioner: Assalaamu ‘alaykum

Dr Sharof: Wa’alaykumu ssalaam

Questioner: If someone who owes a certain amount of money about twenty years ago dies now, and the money is to be paid back from his property, is he expected to pay the exact amount he borrowed or a new amount equal to the value of the money now?

Dr Sharof: Someone owes a debt since about twenty years ago but is now late, and they (his relatives) want his debt settled with something from his left property, is he to pay the exact amount or what the money worth today? (For example) five thousand of about twenty years ago is the not the same in value as five thousand today, is he to pay the exact money or an amount the money worth today? He will only pay the exact amount. That is what the divine law of Allaah establishes. If you borrowed two hundred about twenty years ago, you’ll pay the same two hundred (now) because your view that the money has no much value today (is not applicable). What if the value of money becomes greater than what it used to be before? For example, someone borrowed one thousand from you about twenty years ago when money had no much value but the value of one thousand is now more than two hundred thousand, (as for the ruling) you’ll only get your one thousand now. According to the Sharee’ah, whatever you lend out is what you will collect. It’s value today is not to be looked at. Na’am.

(4) Questioner: If we want to combine two prayers, are we supposed to call the adhaan before observing the second prayer?

Dr Sharof: If we want to combine two prayers as we used to do in ‘Arofah, Muzdalifah, and the way a traveler does, and the way we perform it at home when rain falls and so on, do we need to call the adhaan for the second prayer? No. Once the adhaan have been called for the first prayer, call the Iqaamah, and after your salutation of peace, call another Iqaamah and start the second prayer. You don’t need to call the adhaan. Na’am.

(5) Questioner: Assalaamu ‘alaykum

Dr Sharof: Wa’alaykumu ssalaam

Questioner: A traveller is praying behind the Imaam, the ablution of the Imaam becomes invalid and the Imaam appoints him to take over and complete the prayer with the congregation. He (the traveller) entered the prayer with the intention of completing it since the Imaam will also complete his prayer. The congregation is still on the first rakaa’ah of the prayer. Can he change his intention (back to that of a traveller)?

Dr Sharof: No, no! He will have to complete the prayer of the Imaam. We have said it that this is one of the types of questions we don’t answer in the Sharee’ah. You said you’re behind the Imaam and you didn’t join the congregation from the beginning. The ablution of the Imaam became invalid and he puts you in the front to complete the prayer. What will you do? We said you will have to complete the prayer of the Imaam first. When you finish the prayer of the Imaam and you have said the salutation of peace; that is when you will make up whatever remains of your own prayer. The salutation of peace which comes in between your prayer does not render it invalid.

Also, as for the traveller who is still on his journey praying behind the Imaam, and was appointed by the Imaam to complete the prayer when the ablution of the Imaam became invalid, we said he is to complete the prayer of the Imaam first. Can he change his intention now that he will shorten the prayer? No, there is nothing like that. Na’am.

(6) Questioner: Assalaamu ‘alaykum

Dr Sharof: Wa’alaykumu ssalaam

Questioner:  The one who met the congregation when the Imaam had completed the prayer but yet to say the salutation of peace, if the person wishes to complete his prayer (after the salutation of peace of the Imaam) will he call the Iqaamah?

Dr Sharof: No. If you join the congregation while the Imaam is still saying the tashahhud, say the takbeer and join him at his (present) position. You don’t need to call the Iqaamah, you just have to complete your prayer (after his salutation of peace). It is even permissible for you to leave the prayer (after the Imaam’s salutation of peace) and join a group of people who want to observe another congregational prayer. This is so because you only met the congregation not the prayer. Na’am. And whoever does not meet a raka’ah does not meet the prayer. Na’am.

(7) Questioner: Assalaamu ‘alaykum

Dr Sharof: Wa’alaykumu ssalaam

Questioner:  The one who knows he has impurity on him (that is, on his cloth) but didn’t remember till he finished observing prayer, what is the ruling of this kind of a person?

Dr Sharof: He knows he has impurity on him.

Questioner: Yes, he knows before going for the prayer.

Dr Sharof: Why did he pray with it?

Questioner: The interval between the time he discovered the impurity and the time he went for the prayer is a bit lengthy so he remembered after he had prayed with it.

Dr Sharof: Firstly, there are two things included in this question. (One) he does not know that there is impurity on him and he observed prayer with it, but remembered after the prayer. Allaah will accept his prayer (in this situation). (Two) he knows he is impure and yet observed prayer with it, but he says he didn’t remember again. Firstly, we would investigate further. What is the reason behind his forgetfulness? We are afraid that he intentionally did not remove the impurity on him at the time he saw. And thereafter says he forgot and prayed with it; his prayer is invalid. But if you know certainly that there is impurity on you, but you forgot to remove it and the forgetfulness makes you observe prayer with it, we hope Allaah will accept it. Na’am

(8) Questioner: Assalaamu ‘alaykum

Dr Sharof: Wa’alaykumu ssalaam

Questioner:  A traveller enters the mosque while a congregational prayer is going on. Solatul ‘Asr for example. He met the congregation at the rukoo’ (bowing) of the fourth rak’ah but waits till they rise up, is…

Dr Sharof: Cuts in…No, no! He tricked himself, and ignorance is disturbing him. During our explanation of the last hadeeth we read last week, we said you must join the Imaam at any position you meet him. Whoever comes for the prayer and meets the congregation at a position should join them. Na’am.

(9) Questioner: Assalaamu ‘alaykum

Dr Sharof: Wa’alaykumu ssalaam

Questioner:  It happened that I entered the mosque while they were praying a joint prayer (due to a legislated reason), but by the time I wanted to join the prayer, they had completed it already. Is it permissible for me to join my prayers alone?

Dr Sharof: Of course, of course! You can join your prayers alone, and (thereafter) go home.

A brother from the congregation asked: Can he decide to observe the prayers within an interval of time (that is, should he separate the prayers with a lengthy time interval)?

Dr Sharof: He didn’t ask about this. You’re the one creating your own new question (which didn’t happen). Na’am.

(10) Questioner: There are people who tell fairy tales and cock and bull stories for educational reasons, but the prophet (sollaLloohu ‘alayhi wa sallam) restricts us from lying when joking. However, these people use them to crack jokes….My point of reference is about the stories of tortoise and so on that we use for educational reasons in our areas here. What is the ruling of these statements in the Sharee’ah?

Dr Sharof: All perfect praise is for Allaah. These stories they tell people for educational reasons are mainly lies because they have no basis. But if they are used for educational reasons without telling lies (that is, if lying isn’t intended with it), we are afraid that it may be prejudicial. We are afraid that it may be prejudicial. Every language has its stories and tales. There is no language which doesn’t have its own tales and stories. I hope it is understood. Na’am. And there is no need to start giving examples (because it is obvious); there is no language which doesn’t have its stories and tales.

(11) Questioner: If one is doubtful as to whether or not impurity remains on one because one went to urinate, what should one do?

Dr Sharof: He should use water to cleanse all the affected areas since he has gone to urinate. But as for the one who sits inside the room without going to urinate but starts having doubt, that is the work of Shaytoon. Since you went to urinate, you will use water to cleanse the areas you’re doubtful about and squeeze it properly. Na’am.

(12) Questioner: The Imaam who led the people in a congregational prayer, but later discovered he had maniy (semen) on him when he went to bath; what should he do?

Dr Sharof: Since he is unaware of the situation, there is no problem. The Imaam went to bath after prayer and saw semen on him, since he didn’t intentionally lead the people with impurity, the prayer of the congregation is valid, but he (the Imaam) will have to repeat his own prayer. Na’am.

(13) Questioner: Assalamu ‘alaykum

Dr Sharof: Wa’alaykumu ssalaam

Questioner: Please sir, what can one do in a situation whereby someone allegedly calls a Muslim a member of the Boko Haram?

Dr Sharof: Has it happened?

Questioner: Yes, it happened.

Dr Sharof: If it happens that someone allegedly calls you a name which is known with some of the people who are terrorists, what can you do? Report him to the government officials because according to the law the one who calls you a name which has to do with the people who terrorizes will attack you if he has the opportunity. So you should act fast to report him to the government. I hope you understand. There is a provision for such in Nigeria here. Anyone who calls you that name, if you arrest him with the police and everything goes well, there is no doubt that he will regret it.

Someone (a policeman) has said it to a Muslim in this same village; he said, ‘as I am looking at you, you’re a member of the Boko Haram, if you are not careful, I will shoot you.’ We asked him (the Muslim) to go to the area commander, not even the DPO. The area commander said if that policeman is sighted in the area again, he is in trouble. I hope you understand. He (the policeman) was sent away from that place. The one who calls you that name is the one guilty of causing harm. The government has provision to deal with such people. That is it.

There was a time we were summoned to a meeting with some representatives of the government officials and the non-Muslims. Some of them (the Christians) were asking us to clarify it to them at the sitting that we a’int members of the Boko Haram and that we do not support them. My response was, ‘are we your slaves?, ever since the Muslims have been living here, have they caused any trouble? A’int you the ones that create unnecessary problem?’. As a matter of the fact, they are the ones causing problem and doing things that are likely to cause problems. They may make one have sleepless nights with their lousy programs, so they are the ones guilty of such. Muslims don’t need to make any declaration to anybody. Declare what? Who are you? It was the government that organized the meeting and I asked that Christian, “Iwo gege bi tani (…)”?

Also, I made it clear to the representative of the government that they should have known the reality of the Boko Haram. Their operation does not reflect any religion because there are reports of Christians arrested for bombing all in the name of Boko Haram. I gave them many examples like the one in Bauchi, Plateua, Kaduna and so on. The Christians too have to be asked to make a declaration if that is the case. I hope you understand. I made it clear to them that we don’t have Boko Haram in these areas but by the time you keep on provoking people by calling them Boko Haram, it could result in a clash. You are calling an innocent person an odd name; he may want to retaliate. Why would you wrongly accuse the Muslims who have beards and dress in the Islamic manner? By the time you continue to call them Boko Haram, they would want to defend themselves (by arguing with you) and these may cause some harms. So if you have anyone disturbing you regarding this, let us know. We know people from the government officials who will deal with him with the laws. He will regret it. That’s it. Na’am.

(14) Questioner: Assalaamu ‘alaykum
Dr Sharof: Wa’alaykumu ssalaam

Questioner: I am a traveller. My parents are living here, but I do not live with them. I came from Lagos and I wouldn’t be here for more than twenty days. Will I be shortening my prayers?

Dr Sharof: You’ve the ruling of the one who is at home. There is no problem about it. This is because anyone who makes a firm decision to stay in a place for more than four days does not have the ruling of a traveller. You will keep on completing your prayers which should have started since the day you got here. Note this; it is said that a traveller should shorten his prayer, but we explained that it applies if he has the chance to lead the congregation as the Imaam or whenever he prays alone. Also, why would a traveller pray alone? It is not permissible for him to stay at home (to pray claiming he is a traveller) while the caller to prayer says, ‘come to prayer, come to success’. He should go to the mosque to pray. But if he has the privilege to lead the congregation as the Imaam, that is when he should shorten his prayer. The prayer (that is, the number of raka’aat) of the Imaam is the same in ruling as the prayer of the follower. SubhaanokaLlaahummo wa bihamdik ash hadu an laa ilaaha illa anta astagfiruka wa atoobu ilayk

(15) Questioner: Assalaamu ‘alaykum

Dr Sharof: Wa’alaykumu ssalaam

Questioner: Can one pray any of the voluntary prayers or Friday prayer or funeral prayer with tayyamum?

Dr Sharof: Yes, if there is no water. Na’am.

(16) Questioner: Assalaamu ‘alaykum

Dr Sharof: Wa’alaykumu ssalaam

Questioner: If a group of people travel with the intention of not staying on their journey for more than three days, but when they got there they had a delay and they thought they would be done on the fourth day, what should they do if they continue to have delays on the journey?

Dr Sharof: If it takes them a month, or two months, or a year in that situiation, they should continue to shorten their prayers till they leave the place. This is because the one who goes to a place without knowing the actual day he would leave is permitted in the Sharee’ah to shorten his prayers till he leaves the place. Na’am.

Questioner: My second question is; as for those of us who left our homes to study here as students, if we travel back home for not more than three days, can we shorten our prayers?

Dr Sharof: You should shorten your prayers. In spite of the fact that its your village, you still have the ruling of a traveller according to the Sharee’ah.

(17) Questioner: Assalaamu ‘alaykum

Dr Sharof: Wa’alaykumu ssalaam

Questioner: With regards to the hadeeth of ‘Aa’ishah (rodiyaLloohu ‘anha) wherein she mentioned that a man came to meet the Messenger of Allaah (sollaLloohu ‘alayhi wa sallam) regarding his sexual intercourse with his wife during Romodoon, so the Messenger of Allaah asked him about what he could use as expiation until a basket of dates was brought to the Prophet (sollaLloohu ‘alayhi wa sallam) and he (the man) was ordered to go and feed it to his family. Is this to be regarded as a way of simplifying his burdensome expiation?

Dr Sharof: Yes, yes. His burden was simplified as regards him consuming what he was supposed to give out, but that does not mean it is applicable to us. This is because he mentioned the reason; he said there is no one poorer than him in the whole of Madeenah. That is why he was asked to take it. Na’am.

(18) Questioner: Assalaamu ‘alaykum

Dr Sharof: Wa’alaykumu ssalaam

Questioner: Is fasting excused in every travelling which makes us shorten our prayer?

Dr Sharof: Yes, fasting is excused in every journey which makes us shorten our prayers.

(19) Questioner: Assalaamu ‘alaykum

Dr Sharof: Wa’alaykumu ssalaam

Questioner: If one is praying alone behind a row in the congregation, we know that the person’s prayer is not valid, but in a situation whereby some people are praying naafil (supererogatory) prayer on that same row, what can be said about those who are praying naafil (supererogatory) prayer while a congregational prayer is going on?

Dr Sharof: Firstly, those people are ignoramuses because according to the Sharee’ah if the Imaam is praying and you won’t join him in that prayer (due to a valid reason), you have to leave the mosque and stay far away. There are two people who did that during the lifetime of the Prophet (sollaLloohu ‘alayhi wa sallam). He asked them whether they were Muslims and why they didn’t join the prayer. Their response was in the affirmative, but they had prayed at home. The Prophet ordered them not to repeat such act again. Therefore, even if you have prayed at home, if you come to the mosque and a congregational prayer is going on, you should join them. It is not in accordance with the Sunnah for some people to be praying supererogatory prayer while the Imaam is leading a congregational prayer in the mosque. And there is no excuse for the one who claims he is praying ‘Asr while the congregation is praying solaatul Moghreeb. That is it.

Questioner: If the mosque wherein it happens is by the road side…

Dr Sharof: Cuts in…you mean like a mosque on the way of the travelers? If that is the case, if a congregational prayer is going on in such mosque, it is not permissible for a group of people to start another congregational prayer. There must not be two congregational prayers going on in the same mosque at the same time even if the prayers are different. There should be one congregational prayer, but when they are done another set of people can start their congregational prayer. That is why, for example, in this mosque, if there are about two to three people who came late, anyone who comes after them should be ordered to join them. There shouldn’t be two congregational prayers going on at the same time.

(20) Questioner: Is it permissible for one to pray supererogatory prayers in such mosques?

Dr Sharof: The best thing is to avoid praying it in such mosques.

Questioner: Assalaamu ‘alaykum

Dr Sharof: Wa’alaykumu ssalaam

Questioner: A woman asked me to help her ask a question. She said her husband married her legally, but she called her husband’s number with a man’s number and it resulted in a misunderstanding. The man (that is, the husband) brought a divorce paper this morning from the court. Is this renunciation permissible?

Dr Sharof: Are they Muslims?

Questioner: They are both Muslims.

Dr Sharof: Why did he (the husband) go to court for a divorce paper?

Questioner: It is because of his anger.

Dr Sharof: He should have brought the case to the Sharee’ah council. Did the court contract their marriage from inception?

Questioner: No

Dr Sharof: Imagine how great his ignorance is. He should have brought the case to the Sharee’ah council. Ask the husband to bring it to the Sharee’ah council on Thursday, but if he is unable to come or decides not to come, the wife should bring it to the Sharee’ah council on Thursday. Na’am.

Translated by Aboo Aaishah Al Odeomeey

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