All perfect praise is for Allaah alone. We beseech His peace and blessings upon Muhammad (sollaLloohu ‘alayhi wa sallam).
From the deviations of Muhammad ‘Aliyy Jabata al-Khoorijee, the man who calls to the innovation of ‘every bid’ah is a major kufr’ in addition to some other heresies, is his belief that shirk al-asghor (minor shirk) takes its doer out of Islaam. This belief alone is enough for him to be a Khoorijee let alone some other misgrounded conceits which he brought into this religion. This is because he would erroneously declare Muslims who fall into shrik al-asghor as kuffar. As it is evident in the ‘aqeedah of the Ahlus sunnoh wal Jamaa’ah, major shirk takes one out of the fold of Islaam while minor shirk only attracts punishment and does not take one out of the fold of Islaam. The scholars only differ as to whether or not the one who dies upon shirk al-asghor will be forgiven by Allaah. We have from them, those who hold that anyone guilty of this would irrevocably enter hell but won’t dwell eternally therein, while others hold that he is under the statement of Allaah, ‘BUT HE FORGIVES WHAT IS LESS THAN THAT FOR WHOM HE WILLS.’
Shaykh Soolih al-Fawzaan (hafidhohuLlaah) said, “There are many differences between shirk al-asghor and shirk al-akbar. (One) shirk al-akbar takes one out of the fold of Islaam while shirk al-asghor does not take one out of the fold of Islaam. Shirk al-asghor is a form of the major sins. It leads to shirk al-akbar. (Two) shirk al-akbar renders all good deeds void while shirk al-asghor, for example showing off (and) doing deeds in order to be heard, only renders void, the acts it is involved in; (while) other good deeds (which are inline with the Qur’aan and sunnoh) will not be rendered void. (Three) shirk al-akbar makes one’s blood lawful for spilling and one’s properties lawful for taking, unlike shirk al-asghor that doesn’t make one’s blood and property lawful because the one who does it have not left the fold of Islaam.
The scholars differ as to whether or not Allaah will forgive the one guilty of shirk al-asghor just like others sins which ain’t up to shirk al-akbar. This is because when Allaah mentioned shirk there was no differentiation between the two. Allaah says, ‘Verily, Allaah does not forgive associating partners with Him…(Soorah an-Nisaa’ 48 and 116).’ This verse encompasses shirk al-akbar and shirk al-asghor, but there is a difference between the two in the sense that shirk al-akbar makes one abide eternally in hell while shirk al-asghor won’t make one abide eternally in hell. He (the one guilty of shirk al-asghor) will only be punished and not forgiven but he won’t abide eternally in hell. These are the differences between shirk al-akbar and shirk al-asghor but all these forms of shirk are perilous.”
Shaykh Soolih al-Fawzaan was asked, ‘you have mentioned (in the previous teachings) that the scholars differ in the ruling of shirk al-asghor regarding whether or not it will be forgiven. Which view is more likely to be correct between the two (opinions)?’
Shaykh Soolih al-Fawzaan said, “This is the response. The most correct opinion, Allaah knows best, is that Allaah will not forgive the one guilty of it because the verse includes both forms of shirk, but the one who enters hell due to this will never dwell eternally (therein) unlike the one who enters hell due to shirk al-akbar.” (SHARH NOWAAQIDUL ISLAAM, PAGE 50)
May Allaah make it easy for us to make use of what we have learnt appropriately and make us learn more beneficial knowledge.
We ask Allaah to guide Muhammad ‘Aliyy Jabata and his students to the correct ‘aqeedah and monhaj of the people of Sunnah.
I beseech Allaah to show us the truth as being the truth and to grant us its following, and to show us misguidance as misguidance and to make it easy for us to abstain from it.
May prayers and peace be upon Muhammad (sollaLloohu ‘alayhi wa sallam), his respected households and companions, and on the generality of the Muslims who follow them upon goodness till the end of time.
Aboo Aaishah Al Odeomeey